The official state flag of Arizona was officially adopted on February 17, 1917. It was designed by Colonel Charles W. Harris (adjutant general and chief administrative officer of Arizona) and was first sewn by Nan D. Hayden.

The 13 yellow and red rays represent both the Sun’s rays and the original 13 colonies of the United States of America. The colors red and yellow are used because they were the colors of the flag of the Spanish conquistadors led by Francisco Vasquez de Coronado, who entered Arizona in 1540 (looking for the legendary Seven Cities of Cibola). The copper-colored star in the middle represents copper mining, since Arizona produces more copper than any other state in the USA.

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State Facts

Admitted to Union
February 14, 1912 (48th state)
State Abbreviation
AZ
State Capital
Phoenix
Largest City
Phoenix
Area
114,006 square miles [Arizona is the 6th biggest state in the USA]
Population
6,626,624 (as of 2013) [Arizona is the 15th most populous state in the USA]
State Flower
Saguaro Cactus Blossom
State Bird
Cactus wren
Major Industries
mining (copper, molybdenum, gold, and silver), manufacturing, and tourism
Major Rivers
Colorado River, Little Colorado River, Gila River, Bill Williams River
Major Lakes
Lake Mead, Lake Havasu, Lake Mohave, Theodore Roosevelt Lake, San Carlos Lake, Lake Powell
Highest Point
Humphreys Peak – 12,633 feet (3,581 m) above sea level
Number of Counties
15
Bordering States
California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah